Unlocking Confidence in Speech: Fluency Shaping
October 03, 2023
Fluency shaping is a type of speech therapy treatment that can help to improve stuttering. It encompasses a variety of teaching techniques aimed at improving speech fluency, or the ability to produce sounds, syllables, words, and phrases at a better rate and with more ease. This article delves deeper into techniques and benefits of fluency shaping to assist parents and teachers in helping children achieve more fluent speech with less stuttering.
What Is Stuttering?
Stuttering is a speech condition that frequently affects children. Those who stutter experience problems with the muscles used to make sounds and words. Instead of allowing for an easy speech rhythm, the muscles twitch and make involuntary movements. The result is speech disrupted by pauses, filled with unintended sounds, or sticking on words instead of speech that flows smoothly. The main symptoms of stuttering are:
Repeated sounds or syllables, typically the first syllable in a word.
Repeating words made up of a single sound, like "the."
Word switching, or when a child switches to a different word to get around stuttering on the original word choice.
Getting stuck on a sound and drawing it out
Blocking, which is frequent silent pauses or those accompanied by a sound like "um."
Overstressing a sound or entire word
Some children may experience accompanying muscle spasms or gestures such as blinking or grimacing. The severity of stuttering can get worse if the child is tired, stressed, or emotional. Stuttering falls into three categories:
Developmental stuttering, a neurodevelopmental disorder, starts in childhood between ages two and seven. It shows up in the majority of children before the age of four. Check out the speech and language milestones to learn more.
Persistent stuttering refers to developmental stuttering that continues to affect the child into their adult years.
Acquired stuttering develops as the result of an injury or illness that impacts the brain and can begin at any age.
Children who stutter often feel embarrassed or frustrated, especially when it happens in social situations, making school a challenge. They may become afraid to speak or participate in activities. It's important to get children the help they need and be mindful of any bullying they may experience. Stuttering can greatly impact a child's self-esteem as they get older, contributing to depression, anxiety, and other mental health conditions.
What Is Fluency Shaping?
Fluency shaping techniques are a type of speech therapy effective at managing stuttering in children. They work on improving speech flow and reducing the frequency and severity of stuttering, allowing children to talk more easily.
The focus of these strategies is on teaching new speaking patterns to overcome the symptoms of stuttering. While other types of speech therapy emphasize physical tension and movements that contribute to stuttering, fluency shaping techniques highlight articulation, voice production, and the rate of speech. Many children improve greatly with the continued use of fluency shaping methods.
The Techniques of Fluency Shaping
There are many fluency shaping techniques. The ones that are best for your child depend on their unique symptoms. It's a good idea to work with a professional who can evaluate your child's speech and develop a personalized treatment plan that targets their needs. Some of the most popular stuttering strategies are:
Prolongation: Slowing speech by breaking down each word into syllables and stretching out each of these to last several seconds is also effective. This technique sounds unnatural, but it helps the child gain control of their speech. Once they learn this method, they can begin to speed up their speech until it reaches a standard rate.
Easy Onset: One of the causes of stuttering is muscle tension and twitching. Using a gentle approach to speech helps to lessen pressure and improve speech. This technique teaches children to begin the first sound of each word with low volume and force, gradually increase the strength, and then drop back to the original gentle tone.
Breathing Exercises: Poor breathing can negatively impact a child's speech. Your child may develop habits like shallow breathing or gulping for air after experiencing symptoms of stuttering long-term. Teaching diaphragmatic breathing helps a child to relax and eliminate muscle tension that might worsen stuttering.
Passive Airflow: This technique builds on the previous methods of prolongation and diaphragmatic breathing. Have the child take in a breath and release a little bit of air before speaking with stretched syllables. This technique helps to ease the onset of sounds and words while maintaining a steady rate of speech.
Stuttering is not always curable, but these techniques and other speech therapies can make a significant difference for many children.
Benefits of Fluency Shaping
Fluency enhancing strategies are an excellent approach to reduce stuttering in children. Some of the many benefits include:
Increased confidence in communication.
Better social interactions.
Reduced anxiety and other negative reactions.
Improved academic performance.
Continued practice with fluency shaping can actually rewire your child's brain to make speaking easier. It does this by strengthening the auditory-to-motor and command-to-execution pathways necessary for smooth speech.
The Role of Parents and Teachers
The best results from fluency shaping happen when parents and teachers work together to implement and reinforce therapy methods that give children better control over their speech. Fluency shaping can help, but only with regular and consistent practice. Parents and teachers play a critical role in introducing helpful speech therapy techniques and ensuring the child uses them regularly.
The Impact of Fluency Shaping and Using Alphapals for Early Intervention and Support
Fluency shaping is an effective method to help children who stutter. It teaches better breathing, muscle relaxation, and speech techniques to overcome stuttering symptoms. As with many therapies, early intervention is key to offering children the support they need before they develop negative coping strategies or mental health complications.
Getting young children interested in speech therapy is easy when you incorporate Alphapals. These plush letters help with speech development, letter recognition, and letter sound recognition. Use them as part of your early fluency shaping lessons to engage your child and give them a hands-on, sensory learning experience that they look forward to each time. Shop the Alphapals collection today!